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How To Get Rid of Blackheads:
Causes, Doctor Treatments & Home Prevention

Over 85% of the teens and young adults in the world suffer with some type of acne, with a large percentage also carrying on their skin problems well into adulthood. In fact, acne is the most commonly physician treated disease. To keep things simple, most dermatologists classify acne into two groups: blackheads/whiteheads (comedones) and red bumps. Each type is treated much differently from the other. Blackheads are the most commonly seen types, as they are often more numerous on the face and shoulders.

What Are Blackheads And Whiteheads?

These pesky skin problems are actually follicles with wider than normal openings. They can be filled with plugs or sebum and other dead cells. The black color comes from them having gone through the oxidation or melanin. Whiteheads are also comedones (follicles with the same material) but their opening is often smaller. Due to the smaller opening, the air can’t often reach the follicle for oxidation and thus they remain white.

How To Prevent Blackheads

If you want to get rid of zits or pimples you think are blackheads, there is no fast remedy. Instead, it’s all about consistency of skin care. It’s best to get yourself in a skin care routine that is catered to your specific skin type. If you engage in a daily skin care routine with quality products, you’ll see improvement in follicle health on your face. Although some people once thought diet played a big part in the cause of acne, this has been found to be untrue. Instead, clean skin is the best prevention method so be sure to wash your face and body areas prone to acne, often. Also, be sure not to use oily based cosmetics, because it can cause oil buildup in your skin follicles.

How To Get Rid Of Blackheads And Whiteheads

You may be treating your blackheads by giving them a squeeze or by using a trendy zit extractor. But, it can be dangerous to your skin if you start popping blackheads, as it can cause your skin to scar. Instead, talk with your doctor about what treatment is best for you.

Dermatologists often suggest various
treatments for blackheads including the following:

  • Benzoyl Peroxide
    Due to its natural antibacterial effect on skin, this chemical is often recommended for the treatment of acne and blackheads. It can literally change the lining of hair follicles which can help reduce comedones clogging and lessen the glands production and secretion of oil.

  • Retin-A This treatment is sometimes used for blackhead treatment and is basically a derivative of Vitamin A. It works to increase cell turnover and expel any clogging material in the pore. It can be harsh on sensitive skin, however.

  • Antibiotic Therapy Often if doctors feel blackheads are infected, topical or oral antibiotics might be prescribed. However, they won’t help unless an infection is present.

  • Accutane This is something which is often used for removal and cure of severe acne or blackheads. It does come with possible side effects that can be quite serious, so be sure you understand the risks before going this route.

    Instead of continuing to suffer with blackheads or acne talk with your doctor about seeing a dermatologist. There are many options and products available which can help you get the skin you’ve always dreamed of having!

Over-the-Counter Treatments

There are a variety of over-the-counter products that are available to treat blackheads and whiteheads. Some of the ingredients to look for include:
  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Salycylic acid
  • Alpha hydroxy acids
  • Sulfur
Over-the-counter products generally have lower concentrations of active ingredients than prescription strength products, but can be effective for mild cases of acne. Depending on your insurance coverage, these products may also be less expensive than the prescription products. Be cautious about using products not recommended by your doctor or dermatologist, as treating severe acne on your own can be tricky.

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